Novel norovirus GII.P17-GII.17 genotype - suspected spread to Europe!

 

The novel GII.P17-GII.17 norovirus genotype has been reported as the cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in China and Japan since the winter season 2014/15, replacing the pandemic strain GII.4 Sydney 2012. These emergent strains have also been sporadically reported outside Asia. In Arad, Romania, during 2015, GII.P17-GII.17 isolates, similar to Kawasaki308 2015, were identified in three patients during a large outbreak of acute gastroenteritis affecting 328 people. Fast-track diagnostics provides real-time PCR tests for the norovirus genotype GII17 in the following kits:

  • FTD-3 Viral gastroenteritis
  • FTD-25 Noro-C.diff
  • FTD-45 Noro

Points to note:

  • The first cases in Romania were reported by a hospital on the 18th of October 2015.
  • The public health authorities further investigated the outbreak-associated cases among household contacts, in schools and hospitals.
  • 328 suspected and confirmed cases were recorded in a community of 35,000 people.
  • Cases were confirmed by testing positive for norovirus using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  • This documented outbreak, outside Asia, was caused by a norovirus strain belonging to the emergent GII.P17-GII.17 genotype
  • In the near future this genotype might become the dominant genotype in Europe.
  • Due to the limited number of diagnosed cases, the study could not exclude the possibility that this gastroenteritis outbreak could have been caused by another pathogen; however, considering the clustering in time and place and rapid onset of symptoms, norovirus was the most probable cause of this outbreak.
  • The National and European surveillance systems should be prepared for events associated to this emergent strain.

The full article of the investigation can be found here. For any queries or to place an order for Fast-track diagnostic kits please contact info@fast-trackdiagnostics.com